Precision medicine, also known as "personalized medicine," is the term used for this transformative new model of health care that involves the selection of diagnostic tests that have the potential to identify changes in each individual patient's disease. The use of that knowledge may help to prevent and treat their disease through the development of treatment strategies to target specific molecular alterations unique to that patient. Ultimately, the goal of precision medicine is to improve patient outcomes.
A "precision medicine" initiative was announced by President Obama in his January 20th State of the Union address. President Obama said he wanted the United States to "lead a new era of medicine, one that delivers the right treatment at the right time."
Rather than the current one-size-fits-all approach, drugs will be tailored to individuals, allowing doctors to target the precise form a disease takes in any individual and avoid administering drugs that may be ineffective or even harmful.